Shivraj Singh Chouhan was born on 5 march 1959 in Jait (M.P.) His father’s name is Shri Prem Singh Chouhan and mother's name is Smt. Sundar Bai Chouhan. He was married to Smt. Sadhana Singh in 1992. They have two sons (Kunal and Kartike). He had started a Political Carrier in 1973. In 1975, Chouhan was President of Model Higher Secondary School Student's Union. Since 1977, Chouhan served Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (R.S.S.) as volunteer. In 1977-78, he was appointed Organizing Secretary, Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad ( A.B.V.P.). He was made the Joint Secretary of the A.B.V.P. during 1978-80. From 1980 to 1983, he held the post of General Secretary of the A.B.V.P. and also served as the Member of National Executive of A.B.V.P. from 1982 to 1983. He also held the post of Joint Secretary of Bhartiya Janta Yuva Morcha from 1984 to 1985, General Secretary of Bhartiya Janta Yuva Morcha, Madhya Pradesh from 1985 to 1988 and President of Bhartiya Janta Yuva Morcha, Madhya Pradesh from 1988 to 1991.
In 1990-91, Chouhan was designated to the Sate Assembly from Budni Constituency. In 10th Lok Sabha, Chouhan was first voted Member of Parliament from Vidisha Constituency. The Vidisha constituency of Madhya Pradesh represented by him and he is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Later while addressing newspersons, Mr. Chouhan said that he would endeavor to provide an impartial and corruption-free administration and there would be transparency in governance. He said that his Cabinet would be a balanced one. Shivraj Singh Chouhan is a compassionate individual, engrossed in patriotism and Indian values right from early childhood. In underground movement against Emergency he participated and during 1976-77, he was imprisoned in Bhopal Jail. On several other occasions for political agitations, he was sent to jail.
Shivraj Singh Chouhan replaced Babulal Gaur and took the responsibility as the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh On 29th November 2005, Governor Balram Jakhar administered the oath of office.